The impact original window sash can have in an historic building in terms of enhancing and maintaining architectural integrity is enormous yet frequently undervalued. In addition to the shape and size of the window openings themselves, the patterning of each sash (divisions created by muntins between individual panes of glass) plays a crucial role in further conveying a particular style. So crucial, in fact, that surviving windows can often point to the stylistic origins of a structure that has been otherwise stripped of its detailing in misguided “updates”.
The Queen Anne style has long been a favorite for those with an appreciation for historic houses; its quirky forms and frequently over-the-top approach to ornament are exactly what make the style so endearing. Given the style’s fondness for excess, it is somewhat surprising that many Queen Anne houses have rather innocuous windows — frequently one-over-one double-hung sash. Fortunately, however, many Queen Annes sporting these “plain Jane” windows usually had at least one or more “artistic” windows, frequently incorporating colored glass.
Appropriately known as “Queen Anne Sash”, the most common of these windows are easily recognized by their small blocks of colored glass (but frequently clear glass) surrounding a larger central pane of clear glass. Less common examples include more complex patterning — sometimes including angular or circular panes; all are captivating. These panes are framed by wood muntins and not lead came (though some sash designs did incorporate both).
The American Queen Anne style emerged in the 1870’s and rapidly gained popularity, flourishing in the 1880’s. By the turn of the century it had lost its appeal in urban areas, but remained popular in rural areas into the 1910’s. Picturesque windows with small, wood-muntined, panes were characteristic from the start, though not all houses built in the Queen Anne style have such windows. Throughout the 1880’s, lumber yards typically stocked a variety of Queen Anne window sash designs. As the contemporary Colonial Revival style became more popular in the 1890’s, the Queen Anne style became more subdued and less colorful. Loud windows of colored glass gave way to simpler and more refined window designs of clear glass, frequently both leaded and beveled.
Following are numerous examples of Queen Anne sash; let’s take a closer look at these undeniably fun windows from the past…
Very fun! I had never heard of cottage windows. I have seen them, but never distinguished them out. Thanks!
The term isn’t widely used now, but it appears in the descriptions of both windows and doors in many millwork catalogs of the period. History, much like hearing, can sometimes be very selective!
Those windows are gorgeous! Thanks for sharing.
In the Architectural Antiques business we have seen many of these styles of Queen Anne doors and windows come through our business. Every one is so unique and when combined with stained glass adds such a flair to them. Thank you for sharing the old catalog pages with us. Very impressive millwork from a bygone era.
Personally, I’ve always preferred these windows to the more labor-intensive and elaborate leaded stained glass windows. The wood muntins allow for easier repairs and their bold simplicity is very appealing. It’s no wonder that they are a popular seller for you… glad you enjoyed this!
Hello, are the side lites typically 3×3 or 4×4 inches
I’ve found that there is not much consistency in pane size for the colored glass border panes, but on average they seem to be about 4 inches square.
Do you know the years these catalogs were published?
Paine Lumber: 1891
Western Sash and Door: 1899
Cream City Sash and Door: 1901